Sustainable development emphasizes a holistic, equitable and far-sighted approach to decision-making at all levels. It emphasizes not just strong economic performance but intra-generational and inter-generational equity. Most of the rural and sub-rural community of the globe depends majorly on livestock for their livelihoods as it provides fuel, food, manure and income. Apart from extensive work carried out on various aspects of livestock promotion, livestock as a means of livelihood is still a neglected area. Directional approach of the governments, researchers and all stake-holders towards enhancement of livestock production systems is the only pathway towards sustainable agriculture and livestock.The first International Conference on Veterinary & Animal Sciences (ICVAS-2015) is being organized with the theme of Livestock for Sustainable Livelihood Improvement. It aims to create a platform for researchers, scientists, academicians and literati to discuss latest trends being carried out in various geological locations of the world in respect of livestock sustainability. It will provide an opportunity to explore solutions and devise a directional approach towards poverty alleviation in rural/sub-rural areas of the world through enhancement in livestock.