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ISHE was founded in 1972 to promote exchange of knowledge and opinions concerning human ethology between scientists in a variety of disciplines. Key figures in the initiation of the society were its first President Irenaus Eibl-Eibesfeldt, Daniel G. Freedman, and William Charlesworth. The core topics of ethological inquiry are the same now as they were in 1972: fundamental and universal human behaviors such as infant attachment, emotion, dominance and other social relationships, nonverbal communication, courtship and ritual. The methods and scope of inquiry have however, expanded. Originally based on longitudinal naturalistic observations and cross-cultural fieldwork, ethologists now use, in addition, more technological methods borrowed from medicine, neurophysiology, behavior genetics and computer science.