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IAU Focus Meeting FM6: Galactic Angular Momentum

20th August 2018 - 22nd August 2018
Vienna, Austria


In this decade, the fundamental role of angular momentum (AM) in galaxy evolution came to new fame. Recent IFU surveys conclude that AM offers a more fundamental, albeit harder to measure, classification of galaxies than the classical Hubble sequence. The precise form of this new AM-based classification remains nonetheless a source of much argument. Many recent hydro-gravitational simulations (e.g. Illustris, EAGLE, Horizon, Magneticum, MAGICC, CLUES, NIHAO) contribute to this discussion, as do most major kinematic observing programs. Prominent examples include optical IFU/IFU-like surveys (e.g. Atlas3D, CALIFA, MaNGA, SLUGGS, PN.S, KROSS, SAMI Survey), interferometric radio surveys (e.g. at the VLA and GMRT) and many more kinematic observations on modern and future instruments (e.g. KMOS, MUSE, SINFONI, HECTOR, ALMA, NOEMA, JWST, SKA-precursors). The strong correlations between AM and morphology, as well as other galaxy properties, raise the question as to how the cosmic evolution of galaxies is paralleled, or even driven, by the evolution of AM. Answers are about to emerge from new high-z IFU observations on 8m-class telescopes, as well as from an array of cosmological simulations. Moreover, ongoing and near-future surveys are about to expand AM science to new scales: for the first time, enough spatially resolved velocity maps are available to systematically study the spatial distribution of the baryon AM in galaxies, which offers an extremely nuanced test of different galaxy evolution models. On large scales, galaxy surveys are about to become large and complete enough to test predicted weak correlations between AM and cosmic large scale structure.

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