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The crystallization behavior of the aqueous solution of CaCl2 salt in a drop and a layer

Non-isothermal evaporation during crystallization of CaCl2 salt in a droplet and a thin layer on a hot wall has been investigated experimentally. The growth of salt crystal hydrates (CaCl2·2H2O) on the interface has been studied. It has been found that the change in the initial salt concentration leads to different crystallization rates. The crystallization rate on the droplet interface is many times lower than for a thin layer. The description of crystallization in the salt solution droplet should take into account the crystallization anisotropy, which is associated with the direction of crystallization. The crystallization rate along the contact line of the droplet is many times higher than in the direction of the droplet radius. For a long time of crystallization, the area of the crystal film (outside the drop) increases several times. Four characteristic modes of crystallization to a drop of salt solution have been distinguished. When modeling crystallization, it is necessary to take into account multiple changes in the growth rate of salt crystallohydrates over time, as well as the anisotropic nature of crystallization.

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