Better friends in teen years gives better health in adulthood
- September 02, 2015
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Teens are often warned to beware of undue peer pressure, but new research suggests following the pack in the teen years may have some unexpected benefits.
A study published in the journal Psychological Science has found that physical health in adulthood could be predicted based on the quality of close friendships in adolescence. And efforts to conform to peer norms were actually linked to higher quality health in adulthood.
“These results indicate that remaining close to-as opposed to separating oneself-from the peer pack in adolescence has long-term implications for adult physical health,” said Joseph P. Allen, a co-author. “In this study, it was a robust predictor of increased long-term physical health quality,” added Allen, a psychologist at the University of Virginia.
The intense adolescent focus on forming and maintaining peer relationships may well result from an instinctive recognition that these relationships are linked to well-being, the researchers said.
“Peer relationships provide some of the most emotionally intense experiences in adolescents' lives, and conformity to peer norms often occurs even when it brings significant costs to the individual,” they wrote. “Cross-cultural research has found that an approach to social interactions that emphasizes placing the desires of one's peers ahead of one's own goals-much as adolescents do when they conform to peer norms-is linked to reduced life stress.”
Allen and colleagues recruited a diverse group of 171 seventh- and eighth-graders and followed them from ages 13 through 27.
Each participant nominated their closest same-gendered friend at the time to be included in the study. From ages 13 through 17, the participants' best friend filled out a questionnaire assessing the overall quality of the friendship, including the degree of trust, communication, and alienation in the relationship. Friends also provided information about how much participants' focused on fitting in with their peers.
Participants' health quality was then assessed annually at ages 25, 26, and 27 years old with questions about their overall health, anxiety and depression symptoms, and body mass index.
To account for possible health problems, participants also reported on distinct medical diagnoses as well as any hospitalizations.
Results indicated that both high-quality close friendships and a drive to fit in with peers in adolescence were associated with better health at age 27, even after taking other potentially influential variables such as household income, body mass index, and drug use into account.
The findings indicated that adolescent relationship qualities may influence adult health through lower levels of later anxiety and depressive symptoms.
The effect may be rooted in evolution, the researchers argued.
“Although autonomy-establishing behavior is clearly of value in modern Western society, in which daily survival threats are minimal, it may have become linked to stress reactions over the course of human evolution, when separation from the larger human pack was likely to bring grave danger,” Allen and colleagues wrote.
“From a risk and prevention perspective, difficulty forming close relationships early in adolescence may now be considered a marker of risk for long-term health difficulties,” Allen said.
In the future, long-term health promotion efforts may want to consider the quality of social relationships in adolescence in addition to more commonly investigated health risks, such as obesity and smoking, he added.
Source : http://world-science.net