Parasitic ant may have evolved from its own host, at home
August 26, 2014
They also concluded that the parasitic ants were no longer reproductively compatible with the host ants-making them a unique species-and had stopped reproducing with their host 37,000 years ago-a short time in evolutionary terms.
The researchers said they found a big clue by comparing the ants' genes, both in the cell's nucleus and in mitochondria, or energy-producing compartments in cells. Genes are made of units called nucleotides. Rabeling found that the sequencing of those nucleotides in the mitochondria is beginning to look different from what is found in the host ants, but that the genes in the nucleus still have traces of the relationship between host and parasite, leading him to conclude that M. castrator has begun to evolve away from its host.
But Rabeling said that the findings are not yet confirmed because not all the genes have been sequenced; that work is in progress.
The parasitic ants need to be discreet because freeloading is a big no-no in ant society, the scientists explained. Offenders have been known to be killed by ant mobs. As a result, the parasitic queen of the new species has evolved into a smaller size, making her hard to tell apart from a regular ant. And whereas host queens mate in an aerial ceremony while flying in rainy weather, the parasitic queens mate discreetly in the nest. This means the two groups can't sexually interact.
Source : world-science.net
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